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Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Languages The black African population is heterogeneousfalling mainly into four linguistic categories. The largest is the Nguniincluding various peoples who speak Swati primarily the Swazi peoples as well as those who speak languages that take their names from the peoples by whom they are primarily spoken—the NdebeleXhosaand Zulu see also Xhosa language ; Zulu language.
They constitute more than half the black population of the country and form the majority in many eastern and coastal regions as well as in the industrial Gauteng province.
The second largest is Sotho-Tswana, again including various peoples whose language names are derived from the names of peoples who primarily speak them—the SothoPediand Tswana.
Speakers of Sotho-Tswana languages constitute a majority in many Highveld areas. The other two primary linguistic groups are the Tsonga or Shangaan speakers primarily the Tsonga peoplesconcentrated in Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces, and the Venda speakers primarily the Venda peopleslocated largely in Limpopo province.
White South Africans form two main language groups. More than half of them are Afrikaans speakers, the descendants of mostly Dutch, French, and German settlers.
The remainder consists largely of English speakers who are descended mainly from British colonists, though there are a sizable minority of Portuguese and smaller groups of Italians and others.
Most of the population formerly classified as Coloured speaks Afrikaans or, to a lesser extent, English.
In some rural areas most residents speak neither Afrikaans nor English, but those two languages allow for communication in most parts of the country. English appears to predominate to an increasing extent in official, educational, and formal business spheres, which reflects a shift away from Afrikaans as the predominant language of government.
Religion The majority of South Africans are Christians. The largest established Christian denominations directly rooted in European settlement but now drawing members from all ethnic groups are the Methodist, Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Dutch Reformed churches.
A large number of people follow independent African Christian churches, which vary in size from a few to millions of members. These faiths differ widely in their degree of theological orthodoxy or heterodoxy from traditional Christian beliefs, but they tend to be more open to aspects of indigenous culture and religion and to emphasize physical and spiritual healing.
There is a sizable minority that adheres to traditional beliefs. Other religions are Hinduismamong the majority of Indians; Islamamong many Indians and Malays; and Judaismamong a minority of the white population.
Settlement patterns More than nine-tenths of the inhabitants live in the eastern half of the country and in the southern coastal regions. In contrast, the western region, except for the area around Cape Town in the extreme southwest, is sparsely populated. Urban areas contain about two-thirds of the population; many of these consist of huge informal or squatter settlements that lack the basic infrastructure for transportation, water, sanitation, or electricity.
Under apartheidmillions of nonwhites were forcibly relocated from cities and white-owned farms into the Bantustans. Boundary changes also placed many large informal settlements under Bantustan jurisdiction, so that some of these areas came to exhibit urban, rather than rural, population densities.
BantustansBantustan territories also known as black homelands or black states in South Africa during the apartheid era. Rural settlement Whites own the majority of rural land, although blacks originally settled most of it.
Traditional black settlements consisted of farming homesteads or villages. The land belonged to the communityand the chief or headman granted each household the right to build a home and cultivate an area of land. Pastoral land around the area was used communally.
Conquest and the establishment of white authority and private ownership of land made these settlement patterns subordinate to others. In places where blacks retained their access to land, however, elements of these patterns survived and may still be found in the more-remote parts of certain reserve areas.During the 's, America witnessed a breakdown of the Democratic and free enterprise system as the US fell into the worst depression in history.
The economic depression that beset the United States and other countries was . That said, many activists, politicians, journalists, and academics have used half-truths and outright falsehoods about racial issues that divide people and stir up hatred.
Settlement patterns. More than nine-tenths of the inhabitants live in the eastern half of the country and in the southern coastal regions. In contrast, the western region, except for the area around Cape Town in the extreme southwest, is sparsely populated.
The Causes of the Breakdown in the Democratic and Free Enterprise in the ’s America ( words, 2 pages) During the 's American citizens witnessed a breakdown of the Democratic and free enterprise way of life. - During the 's American citizens witnessed a breakdown of the Democratic and free enterprise way of life.
The government saw that the free enterprise system was failing. The New Deal increased the government's regulation and intervention and the economic system, thus temporarily abandoning the capitalism system and turning toward .
It was recognised that few Third World countries could develop competitively viable export industries in the short term. It was assumed, however, that if a range of protective tariffs and import restrictions were imposed on the import of particular commodities, local industries would .