The town's roots date back to In the early 21st century, it is the capital of Upper Franconia and has a population of 72, It is world-famous for its annual Bayreuth Festivalat which performances of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner are presented.
In a princely porcelain factory was established in St. The first 'castle' in the park of the Hermitage was built at this time by Margrave George William — In the town council acquired the palace of Baroness Sponheim today's Old Town Hall or Altes Solingen partnersuche as a replacement for the town hall built in in the middle Solingen partnersuche the market place and destroyed by fire.
In a nursing home, the so-called Gravenreuth Stiftwas founded by a private foundation in St. The cost of the building exceeded the funds of the foundation, but Margrave Frederick came to their aid. Bayreuth experienced its Golden Age during the reign — of Margrave Frederick and Margravine Wilhelmina of BayreuthSolingen partnersuche favourite sister of Frederick the Great.
During this time, under the direction of court architects, Joseph Saint-Pierre and Carl von Gontardnumerous courtly buildings and attractions were created: There was even a unique version of the rococo architectural style, the so-called Bayreuth Rococo which characterised the aforementioned buildings, especially their interior design.
The old, sombre gatehouses were demolished because they impeded transport and were an outmoded form of defence. The walls were built over in places. Margrave Frederick successfully kept his principality out of the wars being waged by his brother-in-law, Frederick the Great, at this time, and, as a result, brought a time of peace to the Frankish kingdom.
The university has remained there to the present today.
From to there was also an Academy of Arts and Sciences. Roman Catholics were given the right to set up a prayer room and Jewish families settled here again. In the synagogue was opened and in the Jewish cemetery was dedicated.
Countess Wilhelmina died in and, although, Margrave Frederick married again, the marriage was only short-lived and without issue. After his death inmany artists and craftsmen migrated to Berlin and Potsdam, to work for King Frederick the Great, because Frederick's successor, Margrave Frederick Christian had little understanding of art.
He also lacked the means due to the elaborate lifestyle of his predecessor, because the buildings and the salaries of the mainly foreign artists had swallowed up a lot of money. For example, the court - which under George Frederick Charles had comprised around people - had grown to about employees by the end of the reign of Margrave Frederick.
In Margrave Charles Alexanderfrom the Ansbach line of Frankish Hohenzollerns, followed the childless Frederick Christian and Bayreuth was reduced to a secondary residence.
Charles Alexander continued to live in Ansbach and rarely came to Bayreuth. Following the abdication of the last Margrave, Charles Alexander, from the principalities of Ansbach and Bayreuth on 2 December its territories became part of a Prussian province.
The Prussian Minister Karl August von Hardenberg took over its administration at the beginning of The town centre still possesses the typical structure of a Bavarian street market: The church stood apart from it and on a small hill stood the castle.
Some sixty years later the town at that time a tiny village became subordinate to the Hohenzollern state, and when this state was divided, Bayreuth ended up in the County of Kulmbach.
The rule of the Hohenzollerns over the Principality of Kulmbach-Bayreuth ended in after the defeat of Prussia by Napoleonic France. During the French occupation from to Bayreuth was treated as a province of the French Empire and had to pay high war contributions.
It was placed under the administration of Comte Camille de Tournonwho wrote a detailed inventory of the former Principality of Bayreuth. On 30 June the French army handed over the former principality to what was now the Kingdom of Bavariawhich it had bought from Napoleon for 15 million francs.
Bayreuth became the capital of the Bavarian district of Mainkreiswhich later transferred into Obermainkreis and was finally renamed as the province of Upper Franconia. Bayreuth was first given a railway connexion inwhen the Bayreuth—Neuenmarkt-Wirsberg railway was built at the town's expense.
It was followed in by the line to Weidenin by the railway to Schnabelwaidin by the branch line to Warmensteinachin by the branch to Hollfeld and in by the branch via Thurnau to Kulmbachknown as the Thurnauer Bockala which means something like "Thurnau Goat". The Bayreuth Festspielhausas seen in On 17 April Richard Wagner visited Bayreuth, because he had read about the Margrave Opera House, whose great stage seemed fitting for his works.
However, the orchestra pit could not accommodate the large number of musicians required, for example, for the Ring of the Nibelung and the ambience of the auditorium seemed inappropriate for his piece.
The town supported him in this project and made a piece of land available to him, an undeveloped area outside the town between the railway station and Hohe Warte, the de: At the same time Wagner acquired a property at Hofgarten to build his own house, Wahnfried.
On 22 May the cornerstone for the Festival Hall was laid and, on 13 Augustit was officially opened see Bayreuth Festival. Both Liszt and Wagner are buried in Bayreuth; however Wagner did not die there.FriendScout24 heißt jetzt LoveScout24» neuer Name gleiche Leistung - Testsieger bei Stiftung Warentest - geprüfte Profile - Jetzt anmelden!
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