Global Knowledge Here are 12 main IT challenges for information technology management and staff. Since each organization is unique in how it functions and where it places its priorities, these are offered in no particular order. New Technology Technology advances rapidly and shows up in media on all sides.
Additional Resources Facilities operations and maintenance encompasses a broad spectrum of services, competencies, processes, and tools required to assure the built environment will perform the functions for which a facility was designed and constructed. Real Property Inventory RPI —Provides an overview on the type of system needed to maintain an inventory of an organization's physical assets and manage those assets.
Computerized Maintenance Management Systems CMMS —Contains descriptions of procedures and practices used to track the maintenance of an organization's assets and associated costs.
Computer Aided Facilities Management —originally referred to space planning technologies, however, is not used more generically to describe a variety of technologies addressing any or all aspects of Facilities Management.
These manuals describe the processes, methods, tools, components, and frequencies involved for requisite operations and management of physical assets. Using environmentally friendly cleaning products and incorporating safer methods to clean buildings provides for better property asset management and a healthier workplace.
Grounds maintenance and proper cleaning of exterior surfaces are also important to an effective overall facility maintenance and cleaning program. Historic Buildings Operations and Maintenance —this is a unique and complex issue: Further, cleaning of delicate surfaces and artwork require the use of products that are less likely to damage these surfaces, while providing a healthy environment for the building's occupants.
Extensive research has been done by the Smithsonian Institution regarding the effect of temperature and humidity on artifacts and can be found in the following links: Project Delivery Methods—The process established to efficiently define, cost, procure, execute, and manage operations and maintenance projects is referred to as the project delivery method.
As there are numerous and disparate operations and maintenance projects facing real property owners and their service providers, it is critical that they be accomplished in a timely and cost-effective manner. These activities include both planned preventive and predictive maintenance and corrective repair maintenance.
Preventive Maintenance PM consists of a series of time-based maintenance requirements that provide a basis for planning, scheduling, and executing scheduled planned versus corrective maintenance.
PM includes adjusting, lubricating, cleaning, and replacing components. Per the Federal Energy Management Program FEMPPredictive Maintenance attempts to detect the onset of a degradation mechanism with the goal of correcting the degradation prior to significant deterioration in the component or equipment.
Corrective maintenance is a repair necessary to return the equipment to properly functioning condition or service and may be either planned or un-planned.
Some equipment, at the end of its service life, may warrant overhaul. Per DOD, the definition of overhaul is the restoration of an item to a completely serviceable condition as prescribed by maintenance serviceability standards.
Requirements will vary from a single facility, to a campus, to groups of campuses. The goals of a comprehensive maintenance program include the following: Reduce capital repairs Reduce unscheduled shutdowns and repairs Extend equipment life, thereby extending facility life.
Realize life-cycle cost savings, and Provide safe, functional systems and facilities that meet the design intent.
The Federal High Performance and Sustainable Buildings section provides key information needed by Federal personnel to meet high performance and sustainable building requirements. Per FEMP, the management function should bind the distinct parts of the program into a cohesive entity. The overall program should contain five distinct functions: It is important to analyze and evaluate a facility from the system level, then develop procedures to attain the most efficient systems integration.
System-level manuals include as-built information, based on the maintenance program philosophy. For example, system-level troubleshooting will fault-analyze to the component level, such as a pump, valve or motor, then reference specific manufacturer requirements to remove, repair, or replace the component.
Historic Buildings Operations and Maintenance. This is a unique and complex issue: Under this directive federal agencies are required to establish procedures to establish accountability and stewardship for all owned and maintained federal facilities.
This includes reporting value, condition and sustainability as well as adopting principles of total cost of ownership and life-cycle costing. The method of determining the value of an organization's deferred maintenance has been in discussion over the past decade.
This led to the federal community to determine how to meet these requirements and in the Federal Facilities Council Standing Committee on Operations and Maintenance published Technical Report — Deferred Maintenance for Federal Facilities. This report further defined maintenance as well as repairs.
The FASAB is in the process of revisiting the issue of deferred maintenance and how it is defined and determined. Also, a recent GAO report questioned the differences that existed in defining and determining an agency's method of reporting deferred maintenance see GAO Report — Federal Real Property: Also, the FFC has funded research for predicting organizational outcomes anticipated from investments in facilities maintenance and repair.
All these efforts will have an impact as to how a federal agency will account for and track maintenance and repair costs and the backlog of deferred maintenance. Recent directives have established goals for reduction of energy and water usage and to improve the sustainability of both new buildings as well as existing buildings see Executive Order"Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade" and the Energy Independence and Security Act of EISA In addition, emotional expression is frequently forbidden and discussion about the alcohol use or related family problems is usually nonexistent.
Family members are usually expected to keep problems a secret, thus preventing anyone from seeking help. English/Counseling Services Building Group and individual counseling for K.
Serving Low-income Families in Poverty Neighborhoods Using Promising Programs and Practices: Building a Foundation for Redesigning Public and Nonprofit Social Services. Chapter 3: Budgeting, Financial Accounting for Local and State School Systems, Edition It should also demonstrate compliance with other finance-related legal or contractual requirements.
or may limit the organization's ability to ensure quality and sufficiency in the services it provides.
These problems can be avoided somewhat. The team has identified 37 environmental impacts, according to the online version of the magazine Building and Environment, and for each one they have developed an "environmental forecast indicator".
building maintenance process, problems and related issues. III. P ROBLEMS IN B UILDING M AINTENANCE The interviewees were asked what are the common problems would happen in the operation and maintenance processes. These human problems will be categorized into three grouped, management issues, human resource problems and technical problems.
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