Active and Passive Voice Description Active Voice occurs when the subject of the sentence does the action. John will load the trailer.
English verbs have two voices: In active voice, the person acting is clear: The sentence is still in passive voice if the actor is specified later in the sentence: Passive voice makes the writing unclear by keeping the identity of the actor secret.
At times the identity is obvious, but often it isn't. Even if the reader has an idea of who the actor is, passive voice creates weak sentences that don't communicate immediately and emphatically. This report is made up entirely of passive voice sentences: The pipeline was inspected and was found to have cracks at three joints.
The decision was made to replace the three joints and a contractor was engaged. After the work was completed, the leaks stopped. Change the passive voice sentences to active voice unless you have a good reason to use passive voice: The foreman inspected the pipeline and discovered cracks at three joints.
The plant maintenance manager decided to replace the three joints and had the contracting department engage a contractor. After the contractor completed the work, the leaks stopped. Now the reader knows who discovered the cracks, who decided to replace them, who engaged the contractor, and who did the work.
When issues come up about the pipeline and what happened, the reader won't have to be Sherlock Holmes to discover who was involved. Two special cases for active voice Two ways of writing sentences are active, even though they may look like the text contains no actor: Sentences with "you understood.
This is an example: Call the client about meeting on Thursday.
The "you" isn't in that sentence, but we know it means "You call the client about the meeting on Thursday. Sentences with one subject and two verbs joned by "and. Brian met with the managers and told them about the merger. The first part of the sentence is obviously active: It is as though the sentence were, "Brian met with the managers and Brian told them about the merger.
This sentence is also in active voice because "you understood" applies to both the first action and second action: Call the client about the meeting on Thursday and ask whether the time will work for her.
The actor is "you understood. The managers were told about the merger by Brian. That sentence is in passive voice. It is weak and not as clear as an active-voice sentence. This is the same sentence in active voice: Brian told the managers about the merger.
Use passive voice sparingly Business writers should use the passive voice very sparingly.The passive voice is thus extremely useful in academic writing because it allows writers to highlight the most important participants or events within sentences by placing them at the beginning of the sentence.
Dec 19, · Passive voice is less efficient than active voice. Active writing usually requires fewer words to get the same message to your audience.
The number of words saved per sentence may seem small, but when you multiply that savings by the number of sentences in a . How to Write a Lab Report; How to Write a Lab Report. Choosing to collaborate with others may result in heavy penalties on individual assignments.
When writing a scientific paper or lab report, You can use either passive or active voice in your lab report, although we recommend active voice since it often reads as being more concise.
Active vs. Passive Voice Active Voice – If a sentence is written using the active voice, the subject of the sentence performs the action expressed by the verb. Example: John wrote the essay.
Example: Christine plays basketball. Passive Voice – If a sentence is written using the passive voice, an action is performed upon the subject of the sentence.
This is not entirely true, but for reasons of style and clarity, active voice is often preferable to passive voice. It make sentences more immediate and engaging.
Sep 24, · One way to note when you are using passive, instead of active, voice is to go through your writing and look for common words that are found in passive sentences. Though not every passive sentence contains these keywords, watching for these words is a useful way fix instances of passive kaja-net.com: 77K.