Update, September 17 Preliminary draft of part I of a book on fiscal theory.
The earliest writings about it can be found in the Holy Bible and date back to approximately 5, years before the birth of Christ.
None other than Inflation research papers Solomon created this first recorded dangerous inflation, according to the bible, when he began assembling all the materials to build the Temple.
It had a disastrous end as well as the Temple was later destroyed when the children of Israel were conquered and carried into captivity in Babylon. From this point forward inflation has been a destroyer of nations on the earth as the records of history reveal.
However, not all inflation is necessarily bad for the economic outlook of nations. This is what has happened in many of the modern instances where economies have been ruined under the crush of inflation. Inflation too affects many others as it radiates outward from whatever its source might be.
And, in some cases what inflation is not. An economy whether it be a free enterprise one or a rigidly controlled one like the Chinese economy Inflation research papers in reality a dynamic business that operates in what are known as business cycles.
These cycles represent the changes in the economy and since the Industrial Revolution the level of business activity in all countries veers from high to low taking the economy with it. The timing for these cycles is far from predictable occurrences but Economists, people that study and advise authorities about the economy, all seem to cite four distinct phases or cycles within business.
These are the phase of Prosperity, usually followed by the phase of Liquidation, which is followed by the phase of Depression and finally then comes the phase of Recovery. During the Prosperity phase of a business cycle within any economy there is a rise in production in all areas.
Employment, wages, and profits also increase correspondingly. Many business owners whether public or private also expand their businesses during the Prosperity phase to further increase production and thus profits.
As the Prosperity continues however obstacles begin to occur that put limits or impede the progress in some form or another. For example, production costs can rise higher wagesshortages of raw materials might impede progress, interest rates can rise on money borrowed by businesses and employees to finance expansions and purchase products.
This then triggers the phase of Liquidation. During the Liquidation phase because of the higher interest rates, rises in prices for goods the consumers react by slowing their purchases and buy dramatically less of everything.
As consumption begins to lag behind production surpluses begin to build and businesses are then forced to Liquidate these overages in order to keep current with their obligations.
During this Liquidation period too quite often there are massive lay off for the workers thus the economy tightens its belt even further. As this process continues to deepen manufacturers begin to retrench and business executives allow prices to drop in order to liquidate their inventories at the highest possible dollar.
When this condition continues to worsen, factories begin closing, workers are displaced, businesses close their doors, money lenders tighten the requirements for borrowing, people hoard money and a Depression then is in full swing.
History from the Middle Ages forward to the present have copious examples of nations being conquered or just swallowed up by greater powers while they are in a Depression cycle.
However, like the cycles before it this one will end and over time the whole process begins to repeat itself.
Just two added factors to the business cycle, those of Inflation and Deflation in modern times can be triggered by many and varied and sometimes quite subtle changes.
Changes that before controls can be put into place the entire economy of an area, region, state or nation or even group of nations can be ruined by the crush of either Inflation or Deflation.
There are generally three forms of Inflation. First we have what is known as creeping Inflation where the upward trend of prices is gradual and irregular, averaging only a few percentage points each year.
In many cases this creeping Inflation stimulates economic growth as we have seen over the last six or seven years here in the United States. Another factor here is that our government and many private companies index their growth patterns with the annual small percentage rise in inflation.
And, they are correct but they are also better off for it too.Do long-term institutional investors contribute to financial stability? – Evidence from equity investment in Hong Kong and international markets. Introduction. This web site began as the data link to an op-ed piece I wrote on grade inflation for the Washington Post, Where All Grades Are Above Average, back in January In the process of writing that article, I collected data on trends in grading from about 30 colleges and universities.
Inflation and Economic Growth Robert J. Barro. NBER Working Paper No.
Issued in October NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Monetary Economics Data for around countries from to are used to assess the effects of inflation on economic performance. » Bonds supposedly issued by the BCB» False swift messages» False documents.
Inflation This Research Paper Inflation and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on kaja-net.com Autor: review • April 17, • Research Paper • 2, Words (9 Pages) • 1, Views.4/4(1).
Books. The Fiscal Theory of the Price kaja-net.com, September 17 Preliminary draft of part I of a book on fiscal theory. This will be revised, but it is still potentially interesting if you .