Saccharum officinarum - sugar cane The people of New Guinea were probably the first to domesticate sugarcane, sometime around 8, BC.
Maharashtra has progressed a lot and captured first position from U.
Large production of sugarcane, higher rate of recovery and longer crushing period are some of the factors which have helped the state to occupy this enviable position. The state has one-fourth of the total sugar mills and produces a little more than one-third of the total sugar of India.
Sugar mills of Maharashtra are much larger as compared to the mills in other parts of the country. The major concentration of sugar mills is found in the river valleys in the western part of the Maharashtra Plateau.
Ahmednagar is the largest centre. Uttar Pradesh is the traditional producer of sugar and has been occupying the first rank among the major sugar producing states of India.
However, its relative importance has been reduced during the last few years and the state has conceded the top position to Maharashtra and now occupies the second position. Uttar Pradesh has more mills than Maharashtra but they are of comparatively smaller size and yield less production.
Presently, the state accounts for about 24 per cent of the total production of sugar in India. There are two distinct regions of sugar production in this state. Tamil Nadu has shown phenomenal progress with regard to sugar production during the last few years.
High yield per hectare of sugarcane, higher sucrose content, high recovery rate and long crushing season have enabled Tamil Nadu to obtain highest yield of 9. As a result of these advantages, the state has emerged as the third largest producer of sugar, contributing over nine per cent of the total sugar production of India.
Karnataka has 30 mills producing 1, thousand tonnes or over 6 per cent of the total sugar of India. Belgaum and Mandya districts have the highest concentration of sugar mills. Bijapur, Bellary, Shimoga and Chittradurga are the other districts where sugar mills are scattered.
Andhra Pradesh has more mills 35 than the neighbouring Karnataka but produces only 6. This means that the mills are comparatively smaller. The state produces about 5. Haryana has only 8 mills but their large size enables the state to contribute 1.
Punjab has a total of 13 mills which are located in Amritsar, Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Sangrur, Patiala and Rupnagar districts. Bihar was the second largest sugar producing state next only to Uttar Pradesh till mid- s.
Since then the state has been experiencing sluggish growth and consequently lost its prestigious position to the peninsular states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Its 28 mills make an insignificant contribution to the production of sugar.
The belt of eastern Uttar Pradesh extends further east in Bihar and the districts of Darbhanga, Saran, Champaran and Muzaffarpur are included in this belt.The industry that produces a wide ranges of heavy and light machines and its associated steel products is called engineering industry.
It productions cover machines, engines, cars, .
The history of sugar has five Pliny the Elder, a 1st-century (AD) Roman, also described sugar as medicinal: "Sugar is made in Arabia as well, but Indian sugar is better.
It is a kind of honey found in cane, white as gum, and it crunches between the teeth. [European sugar] industry only began on a major scale after the loss of the Levant. Indian sugar industry is worth more than Rs.
80, cr (from sugar and its by-products). The Indian sugar industry supports ~5 crore sugarcane farmers across India and hence has high political importance as . The trade in sugar was important to Britain’s development as a trading nation and as an empire. Throughout the eighteenth century, sugar from the colonies was England’s most important import.
It was the driving force in a network of trade that spanned the Atlantic, touching three continents. IMPORTANCE OF INDIAN SUGAR INDUSTRY Sugar Industry occupies an important place among organised industries in India. Its main raw-material is sugarcane.
The special thing for all kinds of the raw material is that it should contain the highest percentage of the content for which it is used as raw Indian sugar industry has been growing horizontally with large number of small sized sugar plants set up throughout India as opposed to the consolidation of capacity in the rest of the important sugar producing countries and sellers of sugar, where there is greater concentration on larger capacity of sugar plants.