The American Civil War, —, resulted from long-standing sectional differences and questions not fully resolved when the United States Constitution was ratified inprimarily the issue of slavery and states rights.
Leslie's Illustrated History of the Civil War November 6, Abraham Lincoln is elected sixteenth president of the United States, the first Republican president in the nation who represents a party that opposes the spread of slavery in the territories of the United States.
December 20, South Carolina secedes from the Union. January - Six additional southern states secede from the Union. February- The southern states that seceded create a government at Montgomery, Alabama, and the Confederate States of America are formed.
February 18, Jefferson Davis is appointed the first President of the Confederate States of America at Montgomery, Alabama, a position he will hold until elections can be arranged. The Civil War has formally begun. April 15, President Lincoln issues a public declaration that an insurrection exists and calls for 75, militia to stop the rebellion.
As a result of this call for volunteers, four additional southern states secede from the Union in the following weeks.
It is during the occupation of nearby Alexandria that Colonel Elmer Ellsworth, commander of the 11th New York Infantry and a close friend of the Lincolns, is shot dead by the owner of the Marshall House just after removing a Confederate flag from its roof. June 3, A skirmish near Philippi in western Virginia, is the first clash of Union and Confederate forces in the east.
June 10, Battle of Big Bethel, the first land battle of the war in Virginia. June 20, At the culmination of the Wheeling Convention, the region that composed the northwestern counties of Virginia broke away from that state to form West Virginia, officially designated and accepted as the thirty fifth state of the Union on June 20, Johnston initates a series of reverses that sends McDowell's army in a panicked retreat to the defenses of Washington.
July To thwart the Confederate threat in northern Virginia, a series of earthworks and forts are engineered to surround the City of Washingtonadding to protection already offered by active posts such as Fort Washington on the Potomac River.
August 10, Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri. The Union Army under General Nathaniel Lyon, attack Confederate troops and state militia southwest of Springfield, Missouri, and after a disastrous day that included the death of Lyon, are thrown back.
The Confederate victory emphasizes the strong southern presence west of the Mississippi River. This begins the first Union efforts to close southern ports along the Carolina coast.
October 21, Battle of Ball's Bluff, Virginia. Baker, senator from Oregon and a friend of President Lincoln, led troops across the Potomac River only to be forced back to the river's edge where he was killed. The ensuing Union withdrawal turned into a rout with many soldiers drowning while trying to re-cross the icy waters of the Potomac River.
January 19, Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky. The Union victory weakened the Confederate hold on the state.
February 6, Surrender of Fort Henry, Tennessee. The lost of this southern fort on the Tennessee River opened the door to Union control of the river. A Confederate defeat, the battle resulted in Union occupation of eastern North Carolina and control of Pamlico Sound, to be used as Northern base for further operations against the southern coast.Civil War Summary: The American Civil War, –, resulted from long-standing sectional differences and questions not fully resolved when the United States Constitution was ratified in , primarily the issue of slavery and states rights.
With the defeat of the Southern Confederacy and the. Union victory also ensured continuing support for the international abolishment of racial slavery. As the Confederacy collapsed, U.S.
leaders were able to shift resources to resisting French intervention in Mexico and to deploy .
The Union Army would have suffered a decisive defeat in the West, which coupled with the Confederate victory at Chancellorsville, Virginia taking place at the same time would have almost certainly ended the war. Oct 15, · Watch video · The Civil War in the United States began in , after decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states over slavery, states’ rights and westward expansion.
The election of. May 12, - The final battle of the Civil War takes place at Palmito Ranch, Texas.
It is a Confederate victory. It is a Confederate victory.
May 23, The Grand Review of . Sep 24, · Could the Confederacy have won the Civil War? The weight of evidence tips the balance towards the answer, “Probably not.” Yet the question is still interesting and worth discussing, even after kaja-net.comon: N Cave Creek Rd, Phoenix,