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Adapted from references 11— The results clearly show that more than one third of the children in all age groups scored very low in terms of food diversity mean score: Height for age and weight for age were more than zero standard deviations above the mean only when the dietary diversity score was 6 or above.
Statistics South Africa classifies urban areas according to predominant settlement type and land use. Cities, towns, townships and suburbs are typical formal urban settlements.
Informal settlements squatter camps and shackshostels, institutions, industrial and recreational areas, and small holdings within or adjacent to any formal urban areas are also classified as urban. Any area that is not classified as urban, including tribal areas and commercial farms, is classified as rural.
Food availability also differed across provinces.
In all provinces other than the Western Cape food variety was lower in poorer and rural households than in higher-income and urban households average of 5 versus 14 different food items, respectively.
The Western Cape recorded the greatest food variety average of 15 food items across households of all income levels and both rural and urban data not shown.
Discussion Food insecurity constitutes a global crisis. This explains why eradicating extreme poverty and hunger is the first Millennium Development Goal.
In this light, the results presented in this paper, which point to a reduction in the prevalence of food insecurity in South Africa between andare extremely encouraging. What, then, are the country-specific factors that have contributed to this decrease? One of them could be the explicit recognition in the current South African constitution that the right to food comes under the Bill of Rights, along with several others with which it is related.
Infrastructural factors such as poor roads or transportation to these schools may be among the barriers. These come in the form of old age pension funds, disability grants, foster care grants, care dependency grants and child support grants.
One reason may be that social welfare officials in different provinces are not consistent in observing the set national criteria for determining who is eligible for these grants.
Intra-departmental corruption within the social welfare system and stringent guidelines for selecting those who qualify for grants are among several factors that keep the grants from reaching all poor South Africans. However, this study highlights income and access to food as the most important determinants of food availability.
The average household in South Africa has four members 2324 and requires around R Lehohla 25 has suggested that the situation may be even worse since poorer South African households tend to have six or seven members.
Moreover, the average of eight food items stocked in the cupboards of poorer households according to the NFCS household inventory data is substantially below the minimum requirement of 17 items needed to maintain a healthy, well balanced diet according to Bonti-Ankomah.
Hence, stunting still affects a large proportion of children. Second, the surveys followed somewhat different sampling criteria. Finally, the three surveys were conducted at different times of the year — the two NFCS surveys between January and April, and the SASAS between August and October— and this may have influenced the responses given by the participants on food availability and the food stocked in the households.
In summary, food insecurity has decreased in South Africa over the past 10 years. However, a substantial proportion of households remains at risk of hunger or is experiencing hunger. Although the measures and programmes initiated by the South African government appear to be beneficial, they need to be run more effectively to further alleviate food insecurity.Buy the Butterfly Sugar Paper Pad - A4 50 Sheets online from Takealot.
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