Martin - Nebraska CompanyGlenn L. Air Force 6 August Colonel Paul Warfield Tibbets, Jr. It contained 64 kilograms
Though the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan marked the end of World War IImany historians argue that it also ignited the Cold War. Sincethe United States had been working on developing an atomic weapon, after having been warned by Albert Einstein that Nazi Germany was already conducting research into nuclear weapons.
By the time the United States conducted the first successful test an atomic bomb was exploded in the desert in New Mexico in JulyGermany had already been defeated. The war against Japan in the Pacific, however, continued to rage. Truman, warned by some of his advisers that any attempt to invade Japan would result in horrific American casualties, ordered that the new weapon be used to bring the war to a speedy end.
A blast equivalent to the power of 15, tons of TNT reduced four square miles of the city to ruins and immediately killed 80, people. Tens of thousands more died in the following weeks from wounds and radiation poisoning.
Three days later, another bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki, killing nearly 40, more people. A few days later, Japan announced its surrender. Visit Website In the years since the two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan, a number of historians have suggested that the weapons had a two-pronged objective.
First, of course, was to bring the war with Japan to a speedy end and spare American lives. It has been suggested that the second objective was to demonstrate the new weapon of mass destruction to the Soviet Union. The Potsdam Conference between U.
Truman, Russian leader Joseph Stalinand Winston Churchill before being replaced by Clement Attlee ended just four days before the bombing of Hiroshima. The meeting was marked by recriminations and suspicion between the Americans and Soviets. Russian armies were occupying most of Eastern Europe.
Truman and many of his advisers hoped that the U. In this fashion, the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan can be seen as the first shot of the Cold War. Bythe Soviets had developed their own atomic bomb and the nuclear arms race began.During the final stages of World War II in , the Allies of World War II conducuted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima (August 6, ) and Nagasaki (August 9, ) in Japan.
These two events are the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date. Something changed forever on August 6, when, for the first time, the world witnessed the explosion of an atomic bomb.
As that fateful day dawned, a B American bomber named the Enola Gay took off from an island in the Pacific Ocean heading for Japan, which had prompted the US’ entry into World War II by attacking Pearl Harbour some three and a half years earlier.
On 6 August , at , the first bomb was dropped on the centre of Hiroshima. ‘Little Boy’ was a gun-type fission bomb, using a conventional explosive charge to . US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima The first atomic bomb has been dropped by a United States aircraft on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
President Harry S Truman, announcing the news from the cruiser, USS Augusta, in the mid-Atlantic, said the device was more than 2, times more powerful than the largest bomb used to date. 6 August At hours, a four-engine, long range heavy bomber of the th Composite Group, United States Army Air Forces, took off from North Field on the island of Tinian in the Northern Mariana Islands, on the most secret combat mission of World War II.
August 6, (Monday) Atomic bombing of Hiroshima: A United States B Superfortress, the Enola Gay, dropped an atomic bomb codenamed Little Boy on the Japanese city of .