An examination of the theories of sigmund freud and their fall out in the current experimental psych

Among his many accomplishments is, arguably, the most far-reaching personality schema in psychology: It has been the focus of many additions, modifications, and various interpretations given to its core points. Etymology Freud was a one of a kind thinker.

An examination of the theories of sigmund freud and their fall out in the current experimental psych

These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido roughly translated as sexual drives or instincts on a different area of the body. As a person grows physically certain areas of their body become important as sources of potential frustration erogenous zonespleasure or both.

Freud believed that life was built round tension and pleasure. Freud also believed that all tension was due to the build-up of libido sexual energy and that all pleasure came from its discharge.

The Freudian Theory of Personality | Journal Psyche

In describing human personality development as psychosexual Freud meant to convey that what develops is the way in which sexual energy accumulates and is discharged as we mature biologically. NB Freud used the term 'sexual' in a very general way to mean all pleasurable actions and thoughts.

Freud stressed that the first five years of life are crucial to the formation of adult personality. The id must be controlled in order to satisfy social demands; this sets up a conflict between frustrated wishes and social norms. The ego and superego develop in order to exercise this control and direct the need for gratification into socially acceptable channels.

Gratification centers in different areas of the body at different stages of growth, making the conflict at each stage psychosexual. The Role of Conflict Each of the psychosexual stages is associated with a particular conflict that must be resolved before the individual can successfully advance to the next stage.

To explain this Freud suggested the analogy of military troops on the march. As the troops advance, they are met by opposition or conflict. If they are highly successful in winning the battle resolving the conflictthen most of the troops libido will be able to move on to the next battle stage.

But the greater the difficulty encountered at any particular point, the greater the need for troops to remain behind to fight and thus the fewer that will be able to go on to the next confrontation.

Frustration, Overindulgence, and Fixation Some people do not seem to be able to leave one stage and proceed on to the next.

The Role of Conflict

One reason for this may be that the needs of the developing individual at any particular stage may not have been adequately met in which case there is frustration. Both frustration and overindulgence or any combination of the two may lead to what psychoanalysts call fixation at a particular psychosexual stage.

Fixation refers to the theoretical notion that a portion of the individual's libido has been permanently 'invested' in a particular stage of his development. It is assumed that some libido is permanently invested in each psychosexual stage and thus each person will behave in some ways that are characteristic of infancy, or early childhood.

Psychosexual Stages of Development You can remember the order of these stages by using the mnemonic: Oral Stage year In the first stage of personality development, the libido is centered in a baby's mouth. It gets much satisfaction from putting all sorts of things in its mouth to satisfy the libido, and thus its id demands.

Which at this stage in life are oral, or mouth orientated, such as sucking, biting, and breastfeeding. Freud said oral stimulation could lead to an oral fixation in later life.

We see oral personalities all around us such as smokers, nail-biters, finger-chewers, and thumb suckers. Oral personalities engage in such oral behaviors, particularly when under stress. Anal Stage years The libido now becomes focused on the anus, and the child derives great pleasure from defecating.

The child is now fully aware that they are a person in their own right and that their wishes can bring them into conflict with the demands of the outside world i. Freud believed that this type of conflict tends to come to a head in potty training, in which adults impose restrictions on when and where the child can defecate.

The nature of this first conflict with authority can determine the child's future relationship with all forms of authority. Early or harsh potty training can lead to the child becoming an anal-retentive personality who hates mess, is obsessively tidy, punctual and respectful of authority.

They can be stubborn and tight-fisted with their cash and possessions. This is all related to pleasure got from holding on to their faeces when toddlers, and their mum's then insisting that they get rid of it by placing them on the potty until they perform!

Not as daft as it sounds. The anal expulsive, on the other hand, underwent a liberal toilet-training regime during the anal stage.

In adulthood, the anal expulsive is the person who wants to share things with you.Section 1 Learning and Applying the Theories Sigmund Freud Case Study 1 Application Questions Use Freud’s states of consciousness and stages of psychosexual development to help explain Hank’s behavior by answering the following questions.

A style of psychotherapy originally developed by Sigmund Freud in which the therapist helps the person gain insight into the unconscious sources of his or her problems.

An examination of the theories of sigmund freud and their fall out in the current experimental psych

Free Association A person spontaneously describes, without editing, all thoughts, feelings, or images that come to mind. Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist best known for developing the theories and techniques of psychoanalysis. IN THESE GROUPS QUOTES “Religion is an illusion and it derives its strength from the fact that it falls in with our instinctual desires.” —Sigmund Freud Synopsis Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, which is now known as the Czech Republic, on May 6, There is no single best recognised definition or theory of personality yet and different psychologists have different definitions and theories regarding personality.

“Psychologists themselves cannot arrive at a unifying definition of personality, due in part to its subjective nature.” (Schultz 2) According to Sam Smiley, “It is the form, or overall unity, of an individual’s traits.

In describing human personality development as psychosexual Freud meant to convey that what develops is the way in which sexual energy accumulates and is discharged as we mature biologically.

What are the most interesting ideas of Sigmund Freud?

(NB Freud used the term 'sexual' in a very general way to mean all pleasurable actions and thoughts). Start studying Intro Psych EXAM 2. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

Psychosexual Stages | Simply Psychology